Discussing Internet politics: Galloway’s Protocol.
Galloway’s Protocol addresses how control exists after decentralization, that is, in specific places where decentralization is done and gone and distribution has set in as the dominant network diagram. Galloway suggests protocol is an answer for that.
In part I of the book Galloway states that the protocols that underlie the Internet are not politically neutral. They regulate physical media, sculpt cultural formations, and exercise political control. In part III Galloway comes back to this point. He writes that if the network itself is political from the start, then any artistic practice within that network must engage political or feign ignorance.
So my question is, what is the dominant political ideology that is embedded in protocols that underlie the Internet?